Complete Village Vanguard Recordings 1961 Rar
KEVIN WHITEHEAD, BYLINE: Recording at New York's Village Vanguard at the tail end of Thanksgiving weekend in 1961, tenor saxophonist Stan Getz may have been feeling the heat. Three weeks earlier, John Coltrane had played an explosive stand at the Village Vanguard. Coltrane's label would milk that week's recordings for decades.
Complete Village Vanguard Recordings 1961 Rar
Late in 1961 Granz paired Coltrane (by then leading a quintet withmulti-instrumentalist Eric Dolphy, pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Reggie Workman and drummerElvin Jones) with Dizzy Gillespie’s group, in a tour of England and the continent. This tour immediately followed the legendary stay at the Village Vanguard in NewYork City which led to the Live at the Village Vanguard recordings. Coltrane did not do well in England, but the continental response was warm enoughto persuade Granz to bring the quartet (Coltrane, Tyner, bassist Jimmy Garrison, andJones) back in the fall of ’62 and again in ’63.
Following the success of Bill Evans: The Complete Village Vanguard Recordings, 1961 (Riverside 3RCD-4443-2, 2005) the Concord Music Group has slated for release several historically complete thematic sets. Among these is The Red Garland Trio At The Prelude. The some 135 minutes of music comprising three sets on the evening of October 2, 1959 at Harlem's Prelude Club, has characteristically been released haphazardly. Finally compiled in a single set is music that had previously been spread over four separate releases:Red Garland at the Prelude (Prestige 7170, 1959) Red Garland: 'Lil Darlin (Prestige/NewJazz 8314, 1959) Red Garland: Live (Prestige/NewJazz 8314, 1959) Red Garland: Satin Doll (Prestige 7859, 1959) The significance of this recording is the fact that Red Garland was pianist in Miles Davis' first great quintet (consisting of Davis, Garland, John Coltrane, Paul Chambers, and Philly Joe Jones) from 1955 to 1958, the last recording being made with Davis at the Spotlight Lounge in Washington DC, November 1, 1958, during the transition period between the classic quintet and Miles' famous sextet of Milestones (Columbia CL 1193, 1958) and Kind of Blue (Columbia CL 1355, 1959). Garland left Davis' band in late 1958. Garland's Prelude sides followed the completion of Kind of Blue by eight months. Also of considerable importance is the fact that this was Prestige Records' first remote live recording. Sonny Rollins initiated the live recording with the Blue Note label at the Village Vanguard (A Night At the Village Vanguard 99795, 1957, 1999) two years prior to Garland's Prelude recordings.After leaving Davis, Garland pursued his favorite performing format, the piano trio. His favorite rhythm section was Paul Chambers and Art Taylor. This trio went on to make notable recordings with John Coltrane (Traning In, Prestige 7123, 2004; Soul Junction, Prestige PRLP 7181, 1957) and Soultrane, Prestige PRLP 7142, 1958).Red was born in Dallas, Texas on May 13, 1923. Not from a musically-inclined family, Garland demonstrated an early aptitude for music. He studied the clarinet and alto saxophone before switching permanently to piano in the early 1940s. During this same period Garland enjoyed a short career as a welterweight fighting a young Sugar Ray Robinson before making the switch to a full-time musician. Following World War II, Garland performed and recorded with Roy Eldridge, Coleman Hawkins, Charlie Parker, and Lester Young. He never wanted for work, being kept busy in such jazz centers as New York and Philadelphia. Garland joined the now classic Miles Davis Quintet in 1955, featuring John Coltrane, Philly Joe Jones and Paul Chambers. This most famous of jazz ensembles, their Prestige albums recordings included Workin', Steamin', Cookin', and Relaxin'. Garland also performed on the first Davis Columbia release, 'Round About Midnight and continued playing with Miles up through 1958. Garland rejoined Davis in the studio for the Columbia release Milestones. By the time of the Prelude Sessions, Garland was working with a Philadelphia rhythm section consisting of bassist Jimmy Rowser and Drummer Charles "Specs" Wright. Garland used Rowser and Wright on Coleman Hawkins with the Red Garland Trio (Swingville SVLP 2001, 1959) and Red Garland - Satin Doll (Prestige PR 7859, 1959) in the period just prior to the Prelude sessions and the band developed a dense simpatico for the live date where Garland's highly personal bebop was solidly supported. Critic Ralph Gleason considered Red Garland "one of a handful important piano players in jazz [during the 1950s]. Other critics thought of Garland as a glorified cocktail pianist. The latter is too harsh, for Garland's talent, particularly in the blues is non-parallel. One needs only to listen to "Please Bring Me Someone to Love from Red Garland's Piano (Prestige, 2004) for proof. Should that net be enough proof of Garland's Blues prowess, the set opener at the Prelude, Basie's theme from the TV show M Squad (starring a young Lee Marvin) should provide all the proof needed. Things remain upbeat with "There Will Never Be Another You and "Let Me See before they slow down for "We Kiss in a Shadow. This is not the same high art of Bill Evans, but it remains succinctly superb and compelling. Garland played everything with what appeared and sounded like any effort. He was the walking repository of the Great American Song Book. Ellington's "Satin Doll sounds symphonic, ringing with Garland's block chording, arpeggios and octaves. We are fortunate we get to hear two takes of this masterpiece. As with the Bill Evans' Vanguard Recordings, a false start on Neal Hefti's "'Lil Darlin is included here giving the disc a palatable authenticity. Garland's three takes of "One O'clock Jump (set closers) perfect studies in the art of William Basie, at top tempo. Garland drops in a standard from the old Miles Davis book, "Bye Bye Blackbird, displaying his considerable yet understated bebop chops. Garland turns in a blistering "Cherokee that was previously unissued before closing the disc with an unreleased "One O'clock Jump. Red Garland was a gracious accompanist in the Davis band and that translated to his allowance of copious solo space to his rhythm section. There may be an argument that The Red Garland Trio at the Prelude is the last of the great Garland Trio recordings. The pianist performed and recorded sporadically until his death at 61 years old in 1984. But it is these Prelude sides illustrate Red Garland at top form in his craft. Track listing: Disc 1: M-Squad Theme; There Will Never Be Another You; Let Me See; We Kiss In A Shadow; Blues In The Closet; Satin Doll (previously unreleased); Lil' Darlin; Lil' Darlin (previously unreleased); One O'Clock Jump; Perdido; Bye Bye Blackbird; Like Someone In Love. Disc 2: It's A Blue World; Marie; Bohemian Blues; 4. One O'Clock Jump; A Foggy Day; Satin Doll; Mr. Wonderful; Just Squeeze Me (But Don't Tease Me); Prelude Blues; Cherokee (previously unreleased); One O'Clock Jump (previously unreleased). Personnel: Red Garland Trio: Red Garland: piano; Jimmy Rowser: double bass; Charles "Specs" Wright: drums. Track Listing Disc 1: M-Squad Theme; There Will Never Be Another You; Let Me See; We Kiss In A Shadow; Blues In The Closet; Satin Doll (previously unreleased); Lil' Darlin; Lil' Darlin (previously unreleased); One O'Clock Jump; Perdido; Bye Bye Blackbird; Like Someone In Love.Disc 2: It's A Blue World; Marie; Bohemian Blues; 4. One O'Clock Jump; A Foggy Day; Satin Doll; Mr. Wonderful; Just Squeeze Me (But Don't Tease Me); Prelude Blues; Cherokee (previously unreleased); One O'Clock Jump (previously unreleased).
In the annals of mankind, 1850 was by no stretch of the imagination a year of world-shaking importance, yet it had noteworthy features. A wave of humanitarian ferment--deep and widespread--nourished by Christian ethics, swept over the United States. Temperance, denunciation of the use of tobacco, collectivist Utopias, feminism, betterment in the care of the insane and prisoners, relief for victims of a terrible Irish famine, world peace--each of these causes claimed its spirited partisans. Yet they were dwarfed by the crusade against Negro slavery and in the South by multiplying threats of secession from the Union, uttered in the halls of Congress and outside. Except for extremists on both sides, the historic Compromise of 1850 tended to cool sectional passions; as the event proved, a civil conflict was postponed for a decade.In the midst of the torrid debate on the Compromise, President Zachary Taylor of Mexican war fame passed away and Millard Fillmore took up residence in the White House; his second wife, parenthetically, bequeathed part of her estate to the University. That governmental operations were on a decidedly small scale is amply attested by the fact that expenditures for the year amounted to approximately $43,000,000; income exceeded outgo by nearly ten percent! Indian tribesmen on the frontiers to the West were still an annoyance and arrested settlement in areas where they were strong. A piratical band of Americans invaded Cuba in 1850 with the object of annexing the "Queen of the Antilles" to the United States, but the adventure, which had interesting affinities with the "Bay of Pigs" fiasco of 1961, quickly disintegrated. An Anglo-American treaty of 1850 foreshadowed the cutting of a ship canal through Central America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.On the international horizon of 1850 a tense situation developed when France and imperial Russia protested indignantly against a British blockade of the port of Athens and seizure of Greek shipping in retaliation for an assault upon an alleged subject of Queen Victoria. In the British Isles, movements for improving human welfare, akin to those operating in the United States, were pointed toward suffrage extension, a ten hour working day in factories, help for the distressed rural population, elimination of religious tests for members of parliament (a Jew, Baron Rothschild, was allowed to take his seat after swearing allegiance on the Old Testament alone), and the suppression of the trade in African slaves. English-speaking countries were greatly excited in 1850 about the mystery of a British Arctic expedition, led by Sir John Franklin, which in two small ships had sailed forth five years before to seek the Northwest Passage. British and American search crews found traces of the lost vessels in 1850, though nine years more elapsed before the discovery of gaunt skeletons testified to the melancholy fate that had befallen the resolute Franklin and his heroic seamen.Large sections of the European continent were rapidly recovering from revolutionary upheavals in 1848, which had ephemeral reverberations in the United States. By reason of revolts in the Danube Valley, Emperor Francis Joseph had been seated on the venerable throne of the Hapsburgs and, like his British counterpart, Queen Victoria, he would wield the scepter for many decades to come. That artful adventurer, Louis Napoleon, occupying the French presidential chair, was ambitiously broadening the scope of his office, despite militant protestations from a portion of the Paris press.Germany and Italy were both simply geographical expressions, not yet national states. As a concession to the revolutionary impulse, the King of Prussia in 1850 granted a constitution of sorts to his subjects, while in the Italian peninsula Pope Pius IX returned to the papal dominions from which he had fled in 1848 and Count Camillo Cavour, a key figure in the eventual unification of his fatherland, assumed the prime ministership of Piedmont. Ever a mystery wrapped in an enigma, tsarist Russia with its large fighting services seemed to menace the security of the countries to the west, but in fact the stage was being readied for the Crimean War which would reveal that the European colossus had feet of clay.Farther away, Africa remained very much an unknown quantity, a dark continent, except for the Mediterranean littoral, the southern extremity, and fringing coastal districts which European imperialisms claimed as their glittering preserves; India stood out as the fairest jewel in Victoria' s glittering crown. Normally somnolent and static, China was upset in 1850 by the beginnings of the terribly destructive Tai Ping rebellion, while Japan blissfully clung to isolation in its tight little islands, almost hermetically sealed from the rest of the world.In the department of science, 1850 saw the discovery of several new planets, Robert W. von Bunsen, a chemist at the University of Marburg, devised the "Bunsen burner" and the Königsberg physiologist, Hermann L. F. Helmholtz, invented his celebrated ophthalmoscope, a tool of the utmost importance for medicine.Creative contributions to culture would alone have made 1850 memorable. Prelude or the Growth of a Poet's Mind by William Wordsworth appeared shortly after his death and Alfred Tennyson's In Memoriam was published, enshrining aspirations to be eternally cherished:Ring out old shapes of foul disease, Ring out the narrowing lust of gold; Ring out the thousand wars of old, Ring in the thousand years of peace. Charles Dickens completed the immortal David Copperfield and a mixed-up Russian refugee in Britain, Alexander Herzen, started to issue (and never finished) his revealing autobiography, My Past and Reflections. Across the Atlantic, "the flowering of New England" yielded Representative Men by Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Scarlet Letter, best-loved of Nathaniel Hawthorne's novels, and Herman Melville was applying the finishing touches to his epic saga, Moby Dick.Camille Corot exhibited the famous "Matinée" in Paris and the majestic Lohengrin by Richard Wagner had its premiere performance - in Weimar, still redolent with the memories of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Queen's University in Dublin obtained a charter and universities at Sydney, New South Wales and Rochester, New York, started on their historic careers.According to one contemporary survey and estimate, the United States as of 1850 boasted 233 colleges and universities, attended by 27,159 learners, and 1,657 teachers--on an average seven in each institution--offered instruction; faculty salaries hovered around $1,000 a year. On an average, again, the income per college was $8,225, of which less than a fifth came from endowment resources. This critical commentator deplored the multiplication of centers of alleged higher education, in response to the quest of communities for cultural prestige or to Protestant denominational exuberance. 1Because of competition for students, qualifications for admission and standards of academic performance were deplorably low; youths were "treated like school-boys and they are school-boys." College degrees, the writer charged, were not worth the parchment on which they were inscribed. As for trustees, they were chosen solely because of their influence, real or assumed, and those among them who were not actually disinterested were incompetent to manage institutions of learning. The author of this indictment appealed to state legislatures to cease granting college charters with reckless abandon and to churches to stifle sectarian impulses--without propounding persuasive formulae on precisely how these ends should be achieved.IIThe original, or "Presbyterian", scheme for a seat of higher learning beside the Genesee had not succeeded; similar was the outcome of plans to move Madison University thither. Yet the idea of a university for Rochester, strengthened if anything by frustrations and diversity, would not be denied. The third adventure of mind and spirit became a reality.When it seemed apparent that the removal of Madison University could not be brought off, the principal sponsors of that project applied to the Regents of the University of the State of New York for a provisional charter to set up a distinct and independent collegiate institution at Rochester. The petition was addressed to the Regents on the recommendation of ex-Governor William L. Marcy, a removalist, who believed that an application to the state legislature would invite stubborn, possibly fatal, opposition from the friends of Madison. The charter was sought in order to establish "an institution of the highest order for scientific and classical purposes"; and the Regents were informed that the college would be located "at or near" Rochester, that plans were in train to raise funds to a total of at least $130,000 of which $ 30,000 would be expended on a site and buildings and the rest would form a permanent endowment, and they were given a list of New Yorkers who would function as trustees. These men would appoint a president and professors, and authority to confer academic degrees was requested.On January 31, 1850, the Regents issued the desired charter, on the understanding that the indicated financial arrangements would be completed in two years; if the goal were not attained by then, "a reasonable period of grace" would be allowed, but if the money had not been raised at the end of the time extension the charter would become null and void.When it was certain that Madison University would not be transferred, some pledges that had been made for a center of higher learning in Rochester were canceled, but after the issuance of the provisional charter the campaign to collect funds increased in tempo. A U. of R. fund-raising committee of six Baptists called upon "every Baptist in this great state... to join with your brethren in establishing a memorial before God and men, worthy of your principles.... not to speak of those peculiar and precious Theological truths, held by us... the great principle of Soul Liberty.... To this great principle our Literary Institution will be consecrated." Either money or merchandise would be welcomed, and it was stated that tuition charges would be waived for at least forty students preparing to be preachers. 2A persuasive editorial in the Rochester press solicited financial support on the grounds that "for the honor of our city we ought to establish an institution that will compare with Yale and Cambridge and furnish in the coming generation her share of Poets, Orators, and Statesmen." An anonymous "Mr. O." reasoned that an investment of $130,000 would pay the city handsome dividends, for merchants would profit from supplying the everyday necessities of faculty, and students and the value of real estate would move up. It would be much cheaper, too, for a local family to educate a son in Rochester than to enroll him in an eastern college. "At the same time the youths would be under the parental eye and the sacred restraint and influences of home. " Beyond all that, a university would contribute materially to elevating and refining the tone of society and would enhance the national reputation of the aspiring Genesee community. Rochesterians were told that the liberality with which they subscribed would influence potential donors elsewhere. 3So elated was John N. Wilder by the response to calls for subscriptions that he thought the goal might well be increased to $200,000. For the moral effect, he wished professors at Madison University who had expressed an interest in transferring to Rochester to make contributions. "The question is often asked, he wrote, "'Will the faculty come? ... You all might subscribe $100 apiece or more or less - the payment or non-payment of it can be fixed to suit yourselves." It would be helpful in the fund campaign, he added, if the Madison professors prepared a short statement on behalf of an endowment. 4<